From the time your baby is born, its body undergoes development at a very fast pace, especially in the first year. If you’ve been tracking your baby’s growth and development while it’s been inside your womb during , the fun and excitement continues as newer things keep happening to your baby in the first year of its birth. Don't you want to keep up with it? Here are all the milestones to watch out for in your baby's first year!
During this time, babies usually need to only be fed every two or three hours (yes, through the day and the night) and put to sleep. But, your tiny tot could be smarter than you think. Newborn babies are capable of distinguishing between voices and will respond to different voice patterns. Your baby will also use cries and grunts in order to (well, try to) communicate with you.
Your child will spend most of the day in sleep. That's 16 hours of bliss. But it will wake up intermittently to feed. This could be at any time of the day. The baby will also start responding to touch and certain other stimuli. You will also notice that your baby has an excellent grip.
Children that are two months old learn to smile at objects, sounds, visuals and other stimuli that they find peculiar. They will learn to track moving things with their eyes. This is the age most children begin thumb sucking.
Your baby will soon start developing a little upper body strength and may be able to use the forearms for support. The child may also be able to lift its head. Your little one will be able to recognize faces and also maintain eye contact. It may also attempt to communicate using babbling sounds.
Most kids at this age will lose their tongue-thrust reflex. The tongue-thrust reflex is a natural tendency of a child to stick its tongue out when something touches its lips. This is in order to prevent it from choking on solids. If your child has not lost this reflex, do not worry. Some children will lose it at the age of six months. With a gentle rise in upper body strength, your child will be able to sit with some assistance. Some children may also start teething.
Kids that are four months old or less can be trained and made speech ready. A good idea is to speak in long, up-down musical tones to the child. Elongate your vowels, especially the last vowel of every word.
Your baby will understand certain basic cause-effect relationships. Basically, by now it will understand that if it does something specific, a specific reaction will happen. The child will understand how to get your attention by either making sounds or crying. Your tot will also learn to imitate your actions and will slowly understand how you react.
You can introduce solid foods or purees at this age. Your child will also be able to kick or push itself and move. Be ready to get kicked and punched unexpectedly.
This is a crucial stage where a child will realize that it is a separate individual from its mother. The child begins to develop separation anxiety and so will seek solace in soft toys. Kids begin to throw tantrums if the mother is out of sight. It is a good practice to not leave their presence without them noticing. This anxiety may continue up to the age of 2 years. Spend as much time as possible with your child. And if you have to leave your child's presence, make sure that the child is aware of your departure. So, don't hold back on your "buh-bye's" and "tada's".
Most children begin teething at this age.
Your child will now learn to sit all by itself. It will be fun to watch your child crawl and pick things up for itself. Babies also begin communicating with a wider circle of people they recognize.
Your child will learn to develop a schedule. The child becomes aware of the times it has to eat, sleep or play. The child may also be able to understand and speak simple words. Most "Mamma's" and "Dada's" are spoken at this stage.
Your child may learn to respond to its name. And that extra body strength means your baby will be able to pull itself up and stand with some support. If your doctor permits, this may be a good time to eat mashed food.
Babies of this age understand daily routines well. They also repeat a lot of actions as they learn cause-effect relationships. So, expect them to throw things everytime you pick it up, because that's what your sneaky kid is manipulating you into doing. They will also understand how to use mischief in order to gain your attention. We recommend you to not discourage this. Children at this age learn to be experimental and independent. They may eat by themselves or use some cutlery.
Finally, as your child's first birthday comes closer, your child will learn to crawl faster and maybe even walk. If your child has not learned to walk yet, do not be discouraged and do not force your child to walk. Children this age recognize people and objects by their individual names. Your child will learn to use certain words to communicate with you.
Remember, every child is different and these milestones are really not set in stone. Some children may do certain things later or earlier than mentioned here. There is no reason to be disheartened or to panic. If you’ve been maintaining a journal of your baby’s growth right from , feel free to continue doing this even after the baby has arrived!