Everything you need to know about ovulation

Ovulation Calculator

What is ovulation?

Ovulation is a process of the female reproductive system in which there is release of an egg from the ovaries. In humans, a follicle in one ovary will rupture and release the egg once every month after which the egg is available to be fertilized by a sperm. If there is no union of the egg and the sperm, no conception occurs and the uterine lining will be shed in the form of monthly periods also known as the menstrual bleeding. The day a woman’s period starts is regarded as day 1 of the menstrual cycle and on approximately day 14, ovulation is expected to occur. There is plenty of variation in the number of days of menstrual cycle among females ranging from 8.2 days to 20.5 days, but usually the few days after ovulation are regarded as the most fertile phase of a woman, and this fertile phase normally occurs midway, approximately during days 10 to 18 of a 28-day menstrual cycle.

Signs of ovulation you can actually experience

Many animal species have visibly obvious signs that they are ovulating to declare their fertility and attract their counterpart male species. However in humans, females have a concealed ovulation and signs of ovulation are not easily discernible by people around them. Usually only the female herself may actually know when she is ovulating. She may get this knowledge by checking for changes in her cervical mucus by doing a sticky finger test of her vaginal mucus secretions. Her basal body temperature is also known to be elevated during this time. Secondary fertility signs such as pain associated with ovulation can also be felt by many females. A female’s sense of smell may also be heightened at the time of ovulation. Heightened sexual desire a few days before ovulation is also a common occurrence and many females are known to improve their physical attractiveness at this time.

Relevance of ovulation charting

Primarily basal body temperature, ovarian pain associated with ovulation and cervical position charting allow auto-diagnosis by the female who wants to monitor her ovulation for any cause such as fertility awareness. Fertility charts can be made every month on a cycle-by-cycle basis to monitor ovulation calculating from online ovulation calculator and estimate the right fertile period likely for natural contraception and pregnancy planning. By using hormones, women can also control the process of ovulation. They can make it possible to prevent pregnancy by suppressing ovulation, or enhance their ovulation to create higher chances of pregnancy in cases of infertility.

Suppressed ovulation

Suppressing ovulation is a very well recognized form of contraception that is achieved by the use of hormonal contraceptives. Various forms of the combined hormonal oral contraceptive pills (OCP) are available in the market that simulate the natural hormonal levels of the menstrual cycle and inhibit ovulation.

Induced ovulation

Conception boosters also modify the ovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle since the ovulatory phase is the most vital determinant of fertility. Assisted reproductive methods for patients with infertility due to poly-cystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and women with insufficient periods rely on inducing ovulation by ripening the ovarian follicles with hormones to produce mature eggs. Ovarian stimulation after 24 to 36 hours of injecting human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) can also be sought by injecting low dose of HCG.

Disorders of ovulation

Menstrual disorders include ovulatory problems such as oligoovulation (scanty egg release) and an ovulation (no egg release). Oligoovulation involves infrequent or irregular ovulation (cycles > 36 days or < 8 cycles/year) whereas an ovulation is the total absence of ovulation similar to that which occurs after menopause. An ovulation usually results in cessation of periods, irregular menstrual periods, excessive bleeding or unpredictable intervals and duration. 

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